Does Higher Education Teach Students to Think Critically?

By Doris Zahner (CAE), Jessalynn James (TNTP), and Jonathan Lehrfeld (ETS)

Students who perform better on CLA+ are more likely to have positive post-higher education outcomes as measured by employment, salary, and graduate school enrollment. They are also more likely to have higher evaluations from their managers and advisors.

Read this chapter to learn about two studies using a longitudinal data set that examined the validity of CLA+ as a predictor of post-higher education outcomes for students transitioning from higher education to career. CLA+ data from students who graduated in 2014 and 2017 and survey results from their employers and advisors help answer questions about the importance of these skills in post-higher education and whether they can be predicted by CLA+ test scores.